The beginning of the gospel (13.6) has parallels to the Gospel of Luke but in abbreviated form. In other words, there is no record of anyone disagreeing on the matter. . Wenger found a Greek manuscript that verified what scholars had previously believed to be true. Mr. White’s reasoning fails for several reasons. That’s all. . a post on the biblical evidence for the Assumption of Mary. ". It was the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumption by Pope Pius XII that rekindled interest in these stories of the end of Mary’s life. And there are no relics. And nowhere was a woman a priest. Indeed, and Fr. Daniel Whedon was born in 1808 in Onondaga, N.Y. Dr. Whedon was well qualified as a commentator. Indeed, the Church even to this day has not decided the matter of whether Mary died or not definitively, though she does teach Mary to have died at the level of the Ordinary Magisterium, for example, in Pope Pius XII’s Munificentissimus Deus, 17, 20, 21, 29, 35, 39, and 40. According to The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Faith, p. 462, it was probably written in the sixth century (Pope Gelasius died in the late fifth century) in Italy or Gaul and was most likely not a Papal work at all. What is interesting here is that in the midst of condemning the Collyridians, St. Epiphanius gives us, in section 79 of Panarion, a point-blank statement that is overlooked today by many: Like the bodies of the saints, however, she has been held in honor for her character and understanding. St. Epiphanius condemns this in the strongest of terms: For I have heard in turn that others who are out of their minds on this subject of this holy Ever-virgin, have done their best and are doing their best, in the grip both of madness and of folly, to substitute her for God. A Sunday date was selected, instead of Nisan 14 (which can fall on any day of the week). But in sections 78 and 79, he deals with one particular sect comprised mainly of women called the “Collyridians.” Evidently, this sect was “ordaining” women as “priestesses” and adoring Mary as a goddess by offering sacrifice to her. . . The most obvious reason would be that when Gnostics, who were some of the main enemies of the Faith in the early centuries of the Christian era, agreed with the Church on the matter, there would have been no need to defend the teaching. Justin Martyr, who was martyred in the 160s, used this text in his composition Dialogue With Trypho, chapter 103.Commenting on Psalm 22, verse 14, he wrote, “In the memoirs which, I say, were drawn up by His apostles and those who followed them, it is recorded that His sweat fell down like drops of blood while He … If it were ordained by God that women should be priests or have any canonical function in the Church, Mary herself, if anyone, should have functioned as a priest in the New Testament. Michael O’Carroll, in his book, Theotokos – A Theological Encyclopedia of the Blessed Virgin Mary, pg. They help good Catholics become better Catholics, bring former Catholics “home,” and lead non-Catholics into the fullness of the faith. Editions by Text Group (132) * indicates part of the core corpus. It was passed down in the oral tradition of the Church and developed over the centuries, but it was always believed by the Catholic faithful. We now have written evidence of the Assumption of Mary as far back as the third century. Philip Schaff's History of the Christian Church, volume 3, section 79, The Time of the Easter Festival states: "The feast of the resurrection was thenceforth required to be celebrated everywhere on a Sunday, and never on the day of the Jewish passover, but always after the fourteenth of Nisan, on the Sunday after the … They all agree on Mary’s Assumption and they presuppose a story that was already widely known. The document does not make such an assertion. The police are investigating alleged offences under section 79 of the Crimes Act. The Gospel of Thomas (also known as the Coptic Gospel of Thomas) is a non-canonical sayings gospel.It was discovered near Nag Hammadi, Egypt, in December 1945 among a group of books known as the Nag Hammadi library.Scholars speculate that the works were buried in response to a letter from Bishop Athanasius … Indeed, it seeks to rebuke Christians for believing in the Trinity. Because Epiphanius said that it was "not wholly complete, but falsified and mutilated", writers such as Walter Richard Cassels and Pierson Parker consider it a different "edition" of Matthew's Hebrew Gospel; however, internal evidence from the quotations in Panarion 30.13.4 and 30.13.7 suggest that the text was a gospel … Although he fell away from the faith of his childhood, Tim came back to faith in Christ during his late teen years through the witness of Christian televangelists. In summary, the doctrine of the Assumption of Mary began with an historical event that is alluded to in Scripture and has been believed in the Church for 2,000 years. Even so, it is not as though there is no written evidence to support the Assumption either. The whole story will eventually be placed earlier, probably in the second century. He will elsewhere clarify the fact that he is not certain, and no one is, at least not definitively so, about whether or not she died. This great bishop and defender of orthodoxy may give us key insights into the antiquity of the Assumption, writing in ca. That did not seem to be in doubt. In sections 78 and 79, he deals with one particular sect comprised mainly of women called the “Collyridians.” But whether or not she was assumed was not in question. In fact, it was falsely attributed to several different popes over the years. Format : PDF, Kindle. 2.There is real question among scholars today as to whether what is popularly called the Dectretum Gelasianum was actually written by Pope Gelasius. So we have filled in our third blank. And we certainly would not see the Assumption celebrated in the Liturgy as we do as early as the fifth century in Palestine, Gaul in the sixth, universally in the East in the seventh century, and in the West in the eighth century. 2. File Size : 79.81 MB. It was the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumption by Pope Pius XII that re-kindled interest in these stories of the end of Mary’s life. Even so, it is not as though there is no written evidence to support the Assumption either. The Syriac fragments have increased importance, being put as far back as the third century by one commentator. Much still remains to be explored. According to Epiphanius, it began with a short version of Luke 3: As careful readers have long noticed, the three Synoptic Gospels all record the words spoken by a voice from heaven as Jesus emerges from the water; but the voice says something different in all three accounts: Here we read the following: In the … (Sura 5:76-79). This would be something akin to the Church’s rejection of The Assumption of Moses and The Book of Enoch as apocryphal works. One of these titles declared to be “apocryphal” is referred to as: “Liber qui appellatur Transitus, id est Assumptio sanctae Mariae,” which translates as “A book which is called, ‘Having been taken up, that is, the Assumption of Holy Mary.’” White evidently thought this document condemns as untrue the doctrine of the Assumption of Mary. Far from a condemnation of the Assumption, this reveals just how widespread this teaching truly was. The irony is striking: what was defined by the bishop of Rome as heresy at the end of the fifth century becomes dogma itself in the middle of the twentieth! It must be remembered that when we are talking about these “Transitus stories,” we are not only talking about very ancient manuscripts and fragments of manuscripts, but we are talking about two different “families” of manuscripts written in nine languages. Luke 2, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary focuses on the Greek text, using an abundance of sources and authors to illustrate meaning Because there were whole families of manuscripts from different areas of the world in the sixth century that told a similar story of Mary’s Assumption, there had to be previous manuscripts from which everyone received their data. work count freq. As revered as Mary was, this would be very strange, except for the fact of the assumption of her body. Catholic Exchange is a project of Sophia Institute Press. You will be tempted to shut down, stop Fr. Why Don’t the Earliest Fathers Write About the Assumption? In fact, it appears they were teaching Mary never died at all. "And let no one divert this to the Virgin Mary; Mary was the temple of God, not the God of the temple.And therefore He alone is to be worshipped Who was working in His temple." We don’t find works from the earliest Fathers on Jesus’ celibacy either, but that too was most likely due to the universal agreement on the topic. V. Arras claimed to have found an Ethiopian version of it which he published in 1973; its similarity to the Irish text gave the latter new status. In his classic Panarion (“bread box”) or Refutation of All Heresies, he includes eighty-eight sections dealing with scores of the most dangerous heresies of his day. The three quotations by Epiphanius in Panarion 30.13.6, 4, and 7, respectively, form the opening of the gospel narrative, including the mission of John the Baptist, his appearance and diet, and the baptism of Jesus by John. Epiphanius of Cyprus was lead bishop of the island from 367 until his death in 403, and he was a contemporary of several of the great church fathers of the patristic era. Wenger found a Greek manuscript that verified what scholars had previously believed to be true. It gives us a rather long list of titles of apocryphal books after having listed the accepted books of the Bible. All rights reserved. 59, says: We have known for some time that there were wide-spread “Transitus Stories” that date from the sixth century that teach Mary’s glorious Assumption. Even if it were a Papal document, Decretum Gelasianum would not be a “definition” by the bishop of Rome declaring the Assumption of Mary to be heresy, as White claims. As we approach the great Feast of the Assumption of Mary, and having written a post on the biblical evidence for the Assumption of Mary this time last year, I thought I would change gears and consider the historical evidence for the Assumption in honor of this year’s Feast Day. But it was not God’s pleasure that she be a priest. . The text shows … Since the time of the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumptioon of Mary, there has been much new discovery. O’Carroll continues: Some years later, M. Haibach-Reinisch added to the dossier an early version of Pseudo-Melito, the most influential text in use in the Latin Church. We now have written evidence of belief in the Assumption of Mary as far back as the third century. However, these women were taking Mary and the Assumption to the extreme by worshipping her. We now have. This is entirely impious, unlawful, and different from the Holy Spirit’s message, and is thus pure devil’s work . She was counted worthy to bear the king of all in her own womb, the heavenly God, the Son of God. The document does not make such an assertion. Visit them online at www.Catholic.com. But it did not. The Syriac fragments have increased importance, being put as far back as the third century by one commentator. It gives us a rather long list of titles of apocryphal books after having listed the accepted books of the Bible. And if I should say anything more in her praise, she is like Elijah, who was virgin from his mother’s womb, always remained so, and was taken up, but has not seen death. The Life of Our Most Holy Father St. Benedict. For what page, or what passage is there … Let us examine the facts: 1. What about the first two? And nowhere was a woman a priest. But he never says the same about the Assumption itself. Isaiah 1 14 Y our appointed festivals (Sunday, Easter, Christmas, etc. 9 Epiphianus of Salamis, Panarion, Section 79 There is no reason to think that they saw Mary as part of a Triad or Trinity, nor that they … Sacrificing our children to Moloch . White evidently thought this document condemned as untrue the doctrine of the Assumption of Mary. That did not seem to be in doubt. 《Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible – 2 Thessalonians》(Daniel Whedon) Commentator. Her womb became a temple, and by God’s kindness and an awesome mystery, was prepared to be a dwelling place of the Lord’s human nature. This would be something akin to the Church’s rejection of The Assumption of Moses and The Book of Enoch as apocryphal works. . James White, on page 54 of his book, Mary – Another Redeemer? | R. Jared Staudt, PhD, The Lost Riches of Catholic Catechisms with Aaron Seng of Tradivox, The Catholic Faith in Public Life After the 2020 Election with Derek Rotty. This could now, it was clear, be dated earlier than the sixth century. 2.On the historical front, Fr. work count freq. Because there were whole families of manuscripts from different areas of the world in the sixth century that told a similar story of Mary’s Assumption, there had to be previous manuscripts from which everyone received their data. . Since the time of the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumption of Mary, there has been much new discovery. In the same year M. Van Esbroeck brought out a Gregorian version, which he had located in Tiflis, and another, a Pseudo-Basil, in the following year, found in Mount Athos. Dating back to World War I, this legislation outlaws not just “communicating,” but also “receiving,” information that “prejudices the security or defence” of Australia. This is entirely impious, unlawful, and different from the Holy Spirit’s message, and is thus pure devil’s work . Yet, never was there a single relic of Mary’s body? According to Fr. On the historical front, Fr. I believe St. Epiphanius’s work needs to be reexamined when it comes to the Assumption of Mary. But it did not. The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, Books II and III (Sects 47-80), De Fide). Anyone who would peruse early Church history knows that Christian belief in the communion of saints and the sanctity of the body—in radical contrast to the Gnostic disdain for “the flesh”—led early Christians to seek out with the greatest fervor relics from the bodies of great saints. A Catholic on Facebook told me that Epiphanius believed in the assumption of Mary by comparing Mary to Elijah (section 79) who was taken up. Her womb became a temple, and by God’s kindness and an awesome mystery, was prepared to be a dwelling place of the Lord’s human nature. But I believe it is really exciting that new historical discoveries continue to be made and once again… and again… and again, confirm the Faith of our Fathers. O’Carroll (Theotokos, 388), we now have what some believe to be a fourth-century homily on the prophet Simeon and the Blessed Virgin Mary by Timothy, a priest of Jerusalem, which asserts Mary is “immortal to the present time through him who had his abode in her and who assumed and raised her above the higher regions.”. Though it is not necessary for there to be written evidence all the way back to the second-century for us as Catholics because we have Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture as interpreted by the Magisterium of the Church first and foremost that has already given us the truth of the Matter. For it was variously observed by people..." (Epiphanius. Realizing that his calling was not to the priesthood, Tim left the seminary in 1994 and has been working in Catholic apologetics and evangelization ever since. But whether or not she was assumed was not in question. As we approach the great feast of the Assumption of Mary, I, having written a post on the biblical evidence for the Assumption of Mary, thought I would change gears and consider the historical evidence for the Assumption in honor of this year’s feast day. O’Carroll continues: Some years later, M. Haibach-Reinisch added to the dossier an early version of Pseudo-Melito, the most influential text in use in the Latin Church. Because a work is declared apocryphal or even condemned does not mean that there is no truth at all to be found in it. The Messiah, Jesus, the … By comparing her to Elijah, he indicates that she was taken up bodily, just as the Church continues to teach 1,600 years later. Indeed, the Church even to this day has not decided definitively the matter of whether Mary died or not, though at the level of the Ordinary Magisterium it does teach that Mary died—for example, in Pope Pius XII’s Munificentissimus Deus, 17, 20, 21, 29, 35, 39, and 40. Fr. Soon after, Tim joined the Marine Corps. He converted to Catholicism in 1988 and spent the following six years in formation for the priesthood, earning a degree in philosophy from St. Charles Borromeo Seminary in Overbrook, Pennsylvania. But perhaps he means, God the Father. But it was not God’s pleasure that she be a priest. According to Fr. Since the time of the promulgation of the dogma of the Assumptioon of Mary, there has been much new discovery. Archaeology has revealed two tombs of Mary, one in Jerusalem and one in Ephesus. The two tombs are explained by the fact that Mary had lived in both places. Anyone who peruses early Church history knows that Christian belief in the communion of saints and the sanctity of the body—in radical contrast to the Gnostic disdain for “the flesh”—led early Christians to seek out with the greatest fervor relics from the bodies of great saints. In sections 78 and 79, he deals with one particular sect comprised mainly of women called the “Collyridians.” Evidently, this sect was “ordaining” women as “priestesses” and adoring Mary as a goddess by offering sacrifice to her. I got this question on the name of God… Dear Glenn. But he never says the same about the Assumption itself. She was counted worthy to bear the king of all in her own womb, the heavenly God, the Son of God. It was written in Koine Greek beginning in 374 or … This is significant. Further, we would have found other writers condemning this teaching as it became more and more popular throughout the world. St. Epiphanius clearly indicates his personal agreement with the idea that Mary was assumed into heaven without ever having died. Section VI, Verses 1,1 and 1,3. These women who were adoring Mary as if she were a goddess would no doubt have been well acquainted with the “Transitus Stories” and would have been teaching Mary’s Assumption. If it were ordained by God that women should be priests or have any canonical function in the Church, Mary herself, if anyone, should have functioned as a priest in the New Testament. Fr. The doctrine of the Assumption of Mary began with a historical event to which Scripture alludes and that been believed in the Church for 2,000 years. There is a real question among scholars today as to whether Pope Gelasius wrote what is popularly called the Dectretum Gelasianum. log ratio; Athenaeus of Naucratis; Deipnosophistae: 6 0.2 Fr. In his classic Panarion (“breadbox”) or Refutation of All Heresies, he includes eighty-eight sections dealing with scores of the most dangerous heresies of his day. log ratio; Plutarch; unknown: 1 1.0 unknown If you enjoyed this and you would like to learn more, click here. James White, in his book Mary—Another Redeemer?, goes so far as to claim: Basically, the first appearance of the idea of the Bodily Assumption of Mary is found in a source that was condemned by the then-bishop of Rome, Gelasius I! . And there are undoubtedly more manuscripts to be found. Tim Staples is Director of Apologetics and Evangelization here at Catholic Answers, but he was not always Catholic. I thought a great topic for discussion is are images permitted for use in worship like icons of Eastern Orthodoxy or as mere artwork for decoration, or are they forbidden altogether? St. Epiphanius clearly indicates his personal agreement with the idea that Mary was assumed into heaven without ever having died. Though it is not necessary for there to be written evidence all the way back to the second century for us as Catholics because we have Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture as interpreted by the Magisterium of the Church first and foremost that has already given us the truth of the Matter, I believe it is really exciting that new historical discoveries continue to be made and once again . The Quran obviously does not affirm any concept of the Trinity. Recently discovered Syriac fragments of stories about the Assumption of Mary have been dated as early as the third century. . Download : 160. Much of early Christian literature was apologetic in nature. In fact, it was falsely attributed to several different Popes over the years. And if I should say anything more in her praise, she is like Elijah, who was virgin from his mother’s womb, always remained so, and was taken up, but has not seen death. 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